Eldfisk 2/7 E

person Norwegian Petroleum Museum
This platform became operational in 2000 when waterflooding began on Eldfisk.
Brief facts:
  • Equipped for water and gas injection
  • Installed in 1999
  • Operational 31 January 2000
— Eldfisk 2/7 E. Photo: ConocoPhillips
© Norsk Oljemuseum

The field had originally been developed with pressure depletion as its drive mechanism, but this led to compression of the reservoir. Waterflooding in Eldfisk was based in part on horizontal injection wells, with gas also injected for periods.

Located in 68 metres of water, the Eldfisk reservoir lies about 16 kilometres south of the Ekofisk Complex. Five platforms are located on the field – 2/7 A, 2/7 B, 2/7 FTP, 2/7 E and 2/7 S.   The Embla 2/7 D facility is tied back to 2/7 S by a flowline, and the combined output from the two fields is piped away – originally to Ekofisk 2/4 R, and then from 1998 to Ekofisk 2/4 J.

Eldfisk 2/7 E is a conventional steel platform with a jacket (support structure) fabricated at Aker Verdal, while the three-storey topsides measuring 55 by 35 metres were built by Aker Stord.

A bridge connects 2/7 E to Eldfisk 2/7 S, which operates the facility remotely. In addition to treating large quantities of water, the platform is equipped for gas lift and injection with a capacity of 120 million cubic feet per day.

Eldfisk 2/7 E was the world’s first offshore platform to use exhaust heat from gas turbines to generate electricity via a 10-megawatt facility.

Nytt varmegjenvinnings-system på Eldfisk, forsidebilde, Eldfisk 2/7 E
New waste heat recovery unit (WHRU) lifted up to Eldfisk 2/7 E, August 2013. Photo: Woldcam/ConocoPhillips

This new waste heat recovery unit (WHRU) was installed in 2013 and utilises residual heat from five gas turbines to drive the water injection pumps and a gas compressor. Steam under high pressure and temperature is conducted to the existing turbine driving a generator.

Together with conventional diesel generators on 27/A, the WHRU installation supplies electricity to Eldfisk 2/7 A, Eldfisk 2/7 FTP and 2/7 E as well as the unmanned Embla platform.

The first water from Eldfisk was injected into the reservoir beneath Ekofisk 2/4 K on 31 January 2000. The 2/7 E platform has a capacity of 670 000 barrels of treated water per day. Roughly half of this is piped 25 kilometres to 2/4 K for injection at a pressure of almost 5 000 pounds per square inch (psi).

historie, eldfisk 2/7 e vanninnsprøyting i bruk, 2000,
"Water from Eldfisk to Kilo" From EkofiskNews no. 2, 2000

This helps to boost oil production and retard subsidence. The water is thoroughly treated to eliminate bacteria which can form hydrogen sulphide and thereby pollute the oil and gas in the reservoir.

Published 24. September 2017   •   Updated 25. October 2019
© Norsk Oljemuseum
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Knut Åm – oil and gas veteran

person by Kristin Øye Gjerde, Norwegian Petroleum Museum
The special contribution made by Knut Åm to Phillips Petroleum Company was one reason for his appointment in 2014 as a Knight First Class of the Royal Norwegian Order of St Olav.
— Knut Åm in his office in 1993. Photo: Dag Myrestrand/ConocoPhillips
© Norsk Oljemuseum

Åm was born at Årdal in the Sogn district of western Norway in 1944, and grew up in Oppdal and Volda/Ørsta where he proved an able pupil at school. 

He opted to study mining engineering at the Norwegian Institute of Technology (NTH) in Trondheim, graduating with honours in 1967. 

Åm’s first job was with the Norwegian Geological Survey (NGU), again in Trondheim, where he worked and conducted research for six years. One of his jobs was to interpret aeromagnetic measurements of sub-surface rocks made from the air, which provide valuable information on geology and prospects for finding petroleum. In a series of publications, he described the big sedimentary basins identified in the Skagerrak between Norway and Denmark and in the Norwegian and Barents Seas. 

He joined the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate (NPD) in 1974, serving as a section head in the resource department and a principal engineer in the safety department. 

That was followed by three years with Statoil, where he became the state oil company’s first vice president for research and development. His appointments at the time included chairing a research programme on offshore safety, which led to legislation enacted by the Storting (parliament) and a bigger research effort. 

Joining Phillips

olje og gassveteran knut åm,
Hovedkontoret til ConocoPhillips i Bartlesville, Oklahoma. Foto: ConocoPhillips

Åm secured a job with Phillips in 1982 and was soon sent to the head office at Bartlesville in Oklahoma to get better acquainted with the company and its corporate culture. 

After a year in the USA, he returned to the company’s Tananger office outside Stavanger and became the first Norwegian to serve as offshore manager for the Greater Ekofisk Area (GEA). 

That put him in charge of 23 platforms, with responsibility for the waterflooding programme as well as the project to jack up a number of the installations. These major developments extended the producing life of the GEA and sharply increased estimates for recoverable reserves from its fields. 

Åm led this work during difficult times, with low oil prices and the need to implement cost savings and overcome substantial financial challenges. As if that were not enough, he also taught at the University of Bergen from 1985 to 1990 as an adjunct (part-time) professor of applied geophysics. 

First Norwegian chief executive

Knut åm,
Knut Åm ved kontorpulten i 1993. Foto: Dag Myrestrand/ConocoPhillips

After heading operations in the Permian and San Juan Basins at Odessa, Texas, from 1988-91, Åm became the first Norwegian president and managing director for Phillips Petroleum Norway. 

That put him in charge of 3 000 employees in the GEA as well as in Tananger, Oslo, Teesside and Emden. This was when a redevelopment of Ekofisk was planned, along with the future cessation and removal of old platforms.[REMOVE]Fotnote: https://www.fylkesmannen.no/globalassets/fm-rogaland/dokument-fmro/felles-og-leiing/brev-og-artiklar/fm-tale-til-knut-am.pdf 

By 1996, Åm was back in Bartlesville – now as vice president and head of all exploration and production in Phillips. He stayed in that job until retiring in the USA during 1999.

Offices and committees

But his working life did not end there. Appointments from 1999 to 2007 include membership of the Statoil board – and many similar posts can be mentioned. 

Åm has been president of the Norwegian Geological Council and the Norwegian Petroleum Society, and chair of the Norwegian Oil Industry Association (now the Norwegian Oil and Gas Association). 

He led the exhibition committee of the 1996 ONS oil show in Stavanger, and has chaired Bergen’s Christian Michelsen Research institute as well as the industrial council of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters.  

In addition to chairing Hitec ASA, he has been a director of several technology companies. 

Mention must also be made of the improved recovery committee appointed by the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy with Åm as chair. This produced a report in September 2010 which presented 44 specific measures for improving the recovery factor on the Norwegian continental shelf (NCS). 

Through his work and many appointments, Åm has been acclaimed for a combination of expertise, creativity and determination.  He also demonstrated the ability to tackle the requirements of Norway as a nation as well as the industry and its employees – not least with regard to the working environment and safety in a demanding and risky offshore industry. 


In retirement, Åm is an optimist – with regard to the climate as well. “I’m very concerned with nature, but believe we should extract the resources its given us,” he told Otium in 2016. 

“Norway could have a long and good future in the oil and gas industry if people give it more support. Exploring for new deposits is important, but we should also seek to achieve a far better recovery factor from both new and existing fields.” 

“You can naturally concentrate on life’s negative aspects. Then everything’s simply awful. I think you’ll be a far happier person if you prefer to see the positive side of life. I call that self-motivation. We need more of that in the energy sector.”[REMOVE]Fotnote: https://api.optimum.no/sites/default/files/PDF/optimum-magasinet-2016.pdf 

Published 21. October 2019   •   Updated 21. October 2019
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